Basic Word List – 22

Vocabulary forms an essential part of every competitive exam. Here is a compilation of first 1000 words that must be prepared by SSC, MBA entrance, and government exam aspirants. Spread over 25 lists of 40 words, these lists offer you a chance to learn the most common English words.
Each word in each list is accompanied with its meaning and followed by a usage example. The words are categorized on three levels: Level 1 (beginner), Level 2 (intermediate) and Level 3 (advanced). Go through the word lists and enhance your vocabulary skills.
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Level-1: Let’s get warmed up
Defendant: A person against whom a suit is brought.
The judge ruled in favour of the defendant.
Diminished: Made smaller
The print media has not been eliminated altogether with the advent of TV, nevertheless, it has been diminished to a great extent.
Fictitious: Imaginary
The practice of putting fictitious roll no. slips over genuine roll nos. was started with a view to hiding the real identity of the candidates, and thereby avoiding any unfair marking.
Gravity: Heaviness
The Office Manual prescribes different penalties for different types of misconduct, depending on their gravity.
Predator: That which lives off others
The Kanha National Forest Reserve is home to many predators, who have a bounty of deer, boar and other small animals to feed on.
Renovate: To redo
The old run-down haveli required complete renovation before it could become fit for occupation.
Sensual: Lewd
The pleasure-seeking king’s life was marked by wining, dining and in general enjoying himself - in short, a life devoted to sensual pleasures.
Level-2: Let’s take it up a notch
Annul: To void a contract
The Municipal Corporation has threatened to annul the contract awarded to the parking contractor if he does not go by its directives on not charging government vehicles.
Cache: A hiding place used especially for storing provisions
The police discovered a cache of arms.
Cartel: An industrial group
The petroleum ministry alleged that all oil-producing countries had formed an international cartel and were acting jointly to raise petroleum prices.
Crevice: Narrow crack
The crevice in the snow-clad mountain may be very deceptive.
Enactment: The making of a law
The NDA govt. succeeded in forcing the POTO Bill’s acceptance and immediate enactment.
Gruesome: Horrible
The site of the accident, with his badly mangled body, his scooter reduced to junk and his blood strewn all around, presented a gruesome sight.
Monstrous: Horrible, atrocious
The monstrous crimes committed by Idhi Amin in Uganda, rightfully deserved multiple death sentences.
Perseverance: Continued effort
The severe difficulties she faced in her path did tend to discourage her, but she persevered in her work and ultimately emerged victorious.
Placid: Undisturbed, peaceful, quiet
The placid waters of the lake reflected to her the stillness, which had come to characterize her not-so-exciting life.
Provocation: The act of inciting, something that excites or evokes
The sensible and sane citizenry defeated the designs of rumour-mongers by not getting aroused despite several provocations given by them.
Retaliate: to strike back
The police started firing on the unarmed people, but the mob retaliated by setting ablaze many shops, showrooms and buses.
Stipulate: Make express conditions specify
The court order stipulates that the accused must be produced by the police before the judge within two weeks.
Waver: To move to and fro, sway, to be unsettled in opinion
The current crisis requires us to take decisive action to defuse it, any wavering on the issue is likely to cost us dearly in the long run.
Level-3: Time to be a master
Allure: Attract
The job of an ad-maker is to create an advertisement which allures the customers to the product and convinces them to buy it.
Censure: An expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism
The move of the government to allowed FDI in retail drew censure from the opposition.
Charade: A pretense
The Rs. 500 monthly payment ordered by the court to the Bhopal tragedy victims was nothing but a charade in the name of justice considering the fact that the tragedy had virtually incapacitated the victims.
Chicanery: Trickery, deception
The judge, exposing the chicanery in the lawyer's argument, told him that clever arguments could never be a substitute for well-reasoned cases.
Dapple: Spotted
The dapple surface gave me an impression that the canvas had been carefully painted with small pink-coloured circles over a white background.
Deplore: To lament
The PM deplored the fact that the opposition was always trying to sabotage his efforts to do anything constructive.
Deprecate: To belittle
The opposition had planned the defamation campaign to deprecate him, but the plan backfired.
Expunge: Erase
The Speaker ordered the staff to expunge the abusive remarks of the MPs from records as such unparliamentary remarks could not be published.
Impel: To push
The motivating speech given by the Marketing Chief should impel the sales staff towards more hard work and better results.
Indelible: Inerasable, difficult to stamp out
The memory of my visit to the slum, with half-clad children frolicking around in filthy environ is indelibly etched in my mind.
Pinnacle: Peak
The pinnacle of success is easy to achieve but very difficult to retain, as any successful person would tell you.
Procrastinate: Put off, delay
The submission was procrastinated every time due to unavailability of requisite information.
Refurbish: Renovate
The old building is being refurbished these days in view of the PM's forthcoming visit to this place.
Remunerate: To pay
The person appointed to the post will be suitably remunerated as per his merits.
Secede: To withdraw
The opinion poll done by the ORG-MARG group in the Kashmir valley clearly proves that the Kashmiris do not wish to secede from India and are happy with Kashmir as part of it.
Sordid: Dirty
The sordid details of the fodder scam in the department were leaked to the media by an insider.
Succinct: Marked by briefness and clarity of expression, concise
The space available being short, we will have to be succinct in expressing our ideas while writing the article for publication.
Supplant: To take the place of, supersede
The coup in Fiji was an attempt by the businessman, George Speight, to supplant the President
Virulence: Very dangerous
The killing of two journalists is perhaps one of the most virulent attacks on free press.
Vituperate: To use harsh condemnatory language, to abuse or censure severely or abusively, berate
The opposition vituperated the government for the law and order situation in the state.
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