Clauses: A clause is a part of the sentence or an independent sentence, which contains a verb in it.
When soldiers go marching in.
Because he laughed at her.
Types of Clauses:
1. Main Clause: a main clause is the part of every sentence, especially compound and complex sentences. A compound sentence is formed of two or more clauses which are linked together using conjunctions.
For example: she was born in india(Main clause) but her mother is from china(main clause).
2. Subordinate Clause: Subordinate clause, also called the dependent clause, could be independent clauses or main clause but they start with words like after, even, though etc. Main clause along with the subordinate clause make the complex sentence.
After we had dinner(Main clause), we went home(subordinate clause).
There are two different types of Subordinate Clauses: 1. Conditional Clause: the clause which usually begins with if and unless. For example: I’ll be home by tomorrow, if the plane is on time.
2. Relative Clause: a clause which is connected to the main clause with the words like with, that, whom, where, when and who etc. For example: I saw her first in London where I lived in the eighties.
Phrases: A phrase is a small group of words that forms a meaningful unit within a clause.