Basic Word List – 18

Vocabulary forms an essential part of every competitive exam. Here is a compilation of first 1000 words that must be prepared by SSC, MBA entrance, and government exam aspirants. Spread over 25 lists of 40 words, these lists offer you a chance to learn the most common English words.
Each word in each list is accompanied with its meaning and followed by a usage example. The words are categorized on three levels: Level 1 (beginner), Level 2 (intermediate) and Level 3 (advanced). Go through the word lists and enhance your vocabulary skills.
Level-1: Let’s get warmed up
Disbursement: Expenditure
The increment has been sanctioned by the board, but will be disbursed along with the next month's salary.
Havoc: Devastation
The great havoc wrought by the hurricane in Orissa calls upon all of us to donate generously for re-construction and rehabilitation.
Lethargy: Drowsy or sluggish indifference, apathy
Such lethargy on an important issue was hardly expected of a dynamic person like Pallu.
Mortal: Deadly
All living beings in this world are mortal; only He is never born, never died.
Mute: silent
You cannot mute the dissenting voice of the people by having such harsh laws; they will find other means to express themselves.
Objective: Grasping and representing facts as they are
The objective of the committee was to raise enough money to repair the playground equipment for the park.
Unreserved: Frank
In an unreserved interview, the Pintustan Fever chairman spoke candidly regarding the failures of the company.
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Level-2: Let’s take it up a notch
Autonomous: Self governing
While the very young baby is highly dependent on its caretakers for all its needs, an older baby tends to be more autonomous because it can walk and speak.
Cosmopolitan: Belonging to the whole world
New York, London, Los Angeles are truly cosmopolitan cities, with people from across the globe inhabiting them.
Discordant: Not harmonious, conflicting
The proposal enjoys enormous popularity and backing by most parties but for some discordant voices that are not interested in it.
Emissary: Agent
Instead of coming himself, the Ambassador sent his emissary to discuss the bi-lateral issues.
Inculcate: To teach by repetition
The qualities of patriotism, courage and honesty were inculcated in Shivaaji's mind by his mother Jijabai who used to tell him stories of great warriors and patriots.
Merciful: Disposed to pity and forgive
The judge mercifully let him off the crime.
Perennial: Something long-lasting
A perennial problem which this hospital has been facing since its inception, has been the shortage of suitably qualified doctors.
Peripheral: External
Only peripheral vision is impaired in cases of optical periphrasis, leaving vision in the central region of the eye absolutely intact.
Propriety: Fitness, correct conduct
The propriety of the lower court’s order can be challenged only in the high court, which will decide whether the order passed by the lower court was legally genuine or otherwise.
Rationale: Reason
The rationale behind an incentive-based compensation plan is that people tend to work harder if their salary is linked to their performance.
Satire: Wit, mockery
The humorous poem by Ashok Chakardhar was a great political satire, which amused the audience no end.
Unrelenting: Inflexible
The anti-dam activists were not scared by the police lathicharge on them and declared that they would persist with their agitation unrelentingly.
Vigilance: Alert in guarding against danger
The policemen were on vigilance after they received repeated complaints of eve teasing in that area.
Vigorous: Strong
The vigorous campaign launched by him against the corrupt elements has finally started yielding good results.
Level-3: Time to be a master
Concomitant: Accompanying
The greying of hair and onset of wrinkles on face are two necessary concomitants of the aging process, which cannot be arrested by any known means so far.
Cryptic: Secret
The Indian Army has tried its best to decode the cryptic message, supposedly sent by the Al-Qaida to the ISI.
Heinous: Evil
The Indian Penal Code prescribes stringent punishment for such heinous crimes like the burning alive of a man and gang rape.
Indictment: Accusation
J. Jayalalitha’s indictment by the Madras High Court should send out a strong signal to all those in high offices not to indulge in corrupt practices.
Indigence: Poverty
India is a land of strange and often unexplainable contrasts wherein you will find miserable indigence co-existing with stinking wealth.
Muddle: Confuse
Mr. Confused says something only to retract it later, again goes back to what he said originally, his mind is nothing but a great muddle of ideas.
Mundane: Of the world, typical of or concerned with the ordinary
I often wonder why the mundane things of life keep us busy most of the time and it is only towards the end that we come to think of religion or spirituality.
Munificent: Generous
Only a really munificent person will ever condone such a embarrassing mistake against him by anyone.
Platitude: Trite remark, commonplace statement
The report was rich in platitudes with barely any fresh insight.
Rarity: Not common
Alphonsos in winters are a rarity in Northern India.
Ravage: Ruin
The ravages of war were yet to be repaired when another grave tragedy struck Afghanistan in the form of an earthquake, which led to great loss of lives and property.
Regress: To go backward
The Indian society, the speaker regretted, was regressing instead of progressing as shown by its Taliban-like intolerance for any dissent.
Renunciation: Giving up
The renunciation of worldly pleasures and the adoption of an ascetic lifestyle by the Buddha was in response to great sufferings he had seen in the world.
Resilience: The ability to recover from or adjust easily to stresses
The inherent resilience of the great Indian culture is proved by the fact it has survived and flourished even after so many foreign invasions.
Scrutinize: To examine closely
The IT department is scrutinizing his business accounts of the past five years to determine if he has evaded taxes in the past.
Sear: To burn or scorch, to make dry or withered, parch
The heat of summers literally seared the few remaining patches of grass in the courtyard.
Suffrage: Vote
The Indian Constitution prescribes universal adult suffrage, thereby giving all adult Indians a right to cast their votes in any legislative election irrespective of caste, creed, sex or color.
Tether: To fasten
The horse broke free from its tether.
Vilify: Defame
He tried to vilify his rivals by spreading false rumours about them.
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