|Abide by||respect or obey. (the law, a decision, a rule)||If you want to stay at this school, you must abide by the rules.|
|Account for||explain, give a reason||I hope you can account for the money you spent!|
|Add up||make sense, seem reasonable||Her story just doesn't add up.|
|Advise against||recommend not doing something||The doctor advised him against carrying heavy loads.|
|Agree with||have the same opinion as somebody else.||I agree with you. I think she deserves the award too.|
|Aim at||point something in the direction of a target||The policeman aimed his gun at the hijacker.|
|Allow for||take into consideration, include in a calculation||You'd better leave early to allow for traffic jams.|
|Appeal to||1. plead or make an earnest request
2. be attractive or interesting
|1. The organizers appealed to the crowd to stay calm.
2. A trekking holiday doesn't appeal to me.
|Apply for||make a formal request for something, (job, permit, loan etc.)||He applied for the job he saw advertised in the newspaper.|
|Avail (oneself) of||take advantage of something (an opportunity)||When the company is privatized, you should avail yourself of the opportunity and buy some shares.|
|Back away||move backwards, in fear or dislike||When he saw the dog, he backed away.|
|Back down||withdraw, concede defeat||Local authorities backed down on their plans to demolish the building.|
|Back up||1. give support or encouragement
2. make a copy of (file, program, etc.)
|1. If I tell the boss we've got too much work, will you back me up?
2. It is recommended to back up all files in a secure location.
|Bail out||1. pay money to secure someone's release
2. rescue from financial difficulties
|1. When he was arrested, his family refused to bail him out.
2. The government bailed out the bank.
|Bank on||base your hopes on someone/something||Don't forget the date. I'm banking on your help.|
|Boil down to||be summarized as||The problem boils down to a lack of money.|
|Boot up||start a computer by loading an operating system or program.||Just give me a few minutes to boot up the computer.|
|Break away||escape from captivity||A few horses broke away from the paddock.|
|Break down||1. go out of order, cease to function
2. lose control of one's emotions
|1. Nitish's car broke down so he had to take the bus.
2. The parents broke down when they heard the bad news.
|Break into||enter by force||Burglars broke into the house around midnight.|
|Break out||start suddenly||Rioting broke out as a result of the strike.|
|Break out of||escape from a place by force||Three prisoners broke out of jail.|
|Break up||come to an end (marriage, relationship)||After her marriage broke up, Seema went to live in London.|
|Bring up||raise (a child)||She stopped working in order to bring up her children.|
|Brush up on||improve, refresh one's knowledge of something||Meena had to brush up on her English before going to America.|
|Bump into||meet by accident or unexpectedly||Padma bumped into her English teacher at the supermarket.|
|Burn out||1. stop (something) working
2. become exhausted from over-working
|1. The fuse has burnt out.
2. Tom will burn himself out if he doesn't slow down.
|Call back||return a phone call||I'll call you back as soon as possible.|
|Call off||cancel||The meeting was called off because of the strike.|
|Call on/upon||formally invite or request||I now call upon the President to address the assembly.|
|Calm down||become more relaxed, less angry or upset||He was angry at first but he eventually calmed down.|
|Carry on||continue||He carried on gardening in spite of the rain.|
|Carry out||1. do something as specified (a plan, an order, a threat)
2. perform or conduct (test, experiment)
|1. The plan was carried out to perfection.
2. Tests are carried out to determine the efficiency of a new drug.
|Carry over||postpone until later||As regards holidays, can you carry over any days from one year to the next?|
|Check in||register at a hotel or airport||For security reasons you have to check in two hours before your flight.|
|Check out||1. pay one's bill and leave (a hotel)
|1. Is Mr. Kumar still at the hotel? No, he checked out this morning.
2. I don't know if the address is still valid. I'll check it out.
|Clam up||refuse to speak||When the teacher arrived she clammed up.|
|Clamp down on||act strictly to prevent something||The government has decided to clamp down on smoking in public places.|
|Come across||1. find by chance
2. appear, seem, make an impression
|1. Veena came across some photographs of her grandparents in the store room.
2. The candidate came across as a dynamic person during the interview.
|Come forward||present oneself||The police have asked any witnesses to come forward.|
|Come up against||be faced with or opposed by||The project came up against a lot of criticism.|
|Count on||rely or depend on (for help)||I'm counting on the taxi driver to find the theatre.|
|Cross out||remove by drawing a line through||In some exercises, you are asked to cross out the incorrect word.|
|Cut down on||reduce in number or size||The doctor told him to cut down on cigarettes.|
|Cut out||1. remove using scissors
2. stop doing something
|1. She cut out a picture in a magazine.
2. I'm going to cut out eating between meals.
|Deal with||handle, take care of (problem, situation)||The manager is good at dealing with difficult customers.|
|Die down||calm down, become less strong||When the applause died down, she started to sing.|
|Do without||manage without||The shops are closed so we'll have to do without sugar.|
|Drag on||last longer than expected||We expected a short speech but it dragged on and on!|
|Draw up||write (contract, agreement, document)||An agreement was drawn up and signed by the two parties.|
|Dress up||1. wear elegant clothes
2. disguise oneself
|1. Do people dress up to go to the opera in your country?
2. Children love to dress up at Halloween.
|Drop in||visit, usually on the way somewhere||I sometimes drop in to see my grandparents on my way home from school.|
|Drop off||1. deliver someone or something
2. fall asleep
|1. I'll drop you off at the bus stop if you like.
2. Granddad often drops off in front of the TV.
|Drop out||leave school without finishing||She decided to go to art school then dropped out after the first term.|
|End in||finish in a certain way; result in||Their marriage ended in divorce.|
|Ease off||reduce, become less severe or slow down (pain, traffic, work)||After Christmas the workload generally eases off.|
|End up||finally reach a state, place or action||If he continues his misconduct he'll end up in prison.|
|Even out||1. eliminate differences of opinion.
2. become level or regular
|1. After a long discussion they managed to even out their differences.
2. The road was evened out to make it safer.
|Fall through||fail; doesn't happen||Our planned boat trip fell through because of the storm.|
|Figure out||understand, find the answer||I'm trying to figure out how to assemble the bookshelves.|
|Fill out||complete (a form/an application)||Please fill out the enclosed form and return it as soon as possible.|
|Find out||discover or obtain information||I'm going to call the cinema to find out what time the film starts.|
|Focus on||concentrate on something||The advertising campaign will focus on the quality of the product.|
|Get along (with)||be on good terms; work well with||I get along (well) with my mother-in-law.|
|Get at||imply||What exactly are you trying to get at?|
|Get away||escape||The robbers got away in a black car.|
|Get by||manage to cope or to survive||It's difficult to get by on a low salary.|
|Get in||enter||How did the thief get in?|
|Get into (+noun)||enter||How did the thief get into the house?|
|Get off||1. leave (bus, train, plane)
|1. You should get off the bus at the main market of the town.
2. She can't get the stain off her sweater.
|Get on||board (bus, train, plane)||You can pay when you get on the bus.|
|Get on with (something)||continue to do; make progress||Be quiet and get on with your homework.|
|Get on (well) with (somebody)||have a good relationship with||I get on very well with my colleagues.|
|Get out||leave||How did he get out?|
|Get out of (+noun)||leave||How did he get out of the house?|
|Get out of||avoid doing something||Some husbands manage to get out of doing any housework.|
|Get over||recover from (illness, disappointment)||My grandmother had pneumonia but she got over it.|
|Get rid of||eliminate||It's difficult to get rid of old habits.|
|Get together||meet each other||Let's get together for lunch on day.|
|Get up||rise, leave bed||I usually get up at 7 o'clock.|
|Give up||stop doing something||Rajesh gave up smoking 5 years ago.|
|Go through||experience||Priya went through a lot of pain after the accident.|
|Grow up||spend one's childhood; develop; become an adult||He grew up in a small village in the mountains.|
|Hand in||submit (report, homework)||All application forms must be handed in before the end of the month.|
|Hand out||distribute||Samples will be handed out at the end of the demonstration.|
|Hang up||end a phone conversation||"Don't hang up. I haven't finished yet."|
|Hit at||aim a blow at||He hit at the wasp with the newspaper.|
|Hit back||retaliate; reply to an attack||When he was attacked by the others, the boy hit back.|
|Hit on/upon||find unexpectedly or by inspiration||She hit upon an idea for her new collection.|
|Hold on||1. wait
2. grip tightly
|1. "Hold on please. I'll put you through to Mr. Khanna"
2. She held on to the railing as she crossed the bridge.
|Hurry up||be quick, act speedily||Hurry up! We'll miss the bus.|
|Iron out||resolve by discussion, eliminate differences||The meeting tomorrow will be an opportunity to iron out difficulties.|
|Join in||participate||She was too shy to join in the game.|
|Join up||1. engage in, become a member of
2. meet and unite with
|1. Deven was in the Army and Shekher joined up as soon as he left school.
2. The two groups of tourists joined up at the hotel.
|Jot down||take quick notes||I jotted down the address while watching the programme on TV.|
|Keep on||continue doing something||It told him to be quiet but he kept on making noise.|
|Keep up with||stay at the same level as someone or something||Karan walks so fast it's difficult to keep up with him.|
|Kick off||begin, start||The football match kicked off at 3 o'clock.|
|Leave out||omit, not mention||The child's name was left out of the report.|
|Let down||disappoint||You promised to come to the party, so don't let me down!|
|Look after||take care of||A babysitter looks after the children when their parents go out.|
|Look ahead||think of the future||It's time to forget the past and look ahead.|
|Look down on||consider as inferior||He tends to look down on anyone who is not successful.|
|Look on||be a spectator at an event||Billu didn't take part in the fight. He just looked on.|
|Look for||try to find something||Seema went to the shops to look for a pair of shoes.|
|Look forward to||await or anticipate with pleasure||I look forward to seeing you soon.|
|Look up to||admire||He was a wonderful teacher and many students looked up to him.|
|Make fun of||laugh at/ make jokes about||The old lady dresses so strangely that the kids make fun of her.|
|Make up||invent (excuse, story)||Some employees make up excuses when they arrive late for work.|
|Mix up||mistake one thing or person for another||I don't know my neighbours' names yet. I keep mixing them up.|
|Move in||arrive in a new home or office||You've bought a new house? When are you moving in?|
|Move out||leave your home/office for another one.||My neighbour is leaving. He's moving out next Saturday.|
|Nod off||fall asleep||My grandfather often nods off in front of the television.|
|Note down||write something||I'll call the station and note down the departure times.|
|Opt out||leave a system or decide not to participate||I enjoy tennis but I'm so busy I had to opt out of the tournament.|
|Own up||admit or confess something||The boy owned up. He said he kicked the ball through the window.|
|Pass away||die||The old lady passed away peacefully.|
|Pass out||faint||She passed out when she heard the bad news.|
|Pay back||reimburse||I'll lend you Rs. 20 provided you pay me back before the end of the week.|
|Put off||postpone, arrange a later date||The meeting was put off because of the strike.|
|Put on||turn on, switch on||Could you put on the light please?|
|Put out||extinguish||It took a long time to put out the fire.|
|Put up||accommodate, give somebody a bed||We can put you up if you'd like to come for a week-end.|
|Pick up||collect somebody||I'll pick you up at the station when you arrive.|
|Point out||indicate/direct attention to something||She pointed out the mistake.|
|Rely on||count on, depend on, trust||Don't worry. You can rely on me. I can keep a secret.|
|Rule out||eliminate||The police ruled out political motives.|
|Run away||escape from a place or suddenly leave||He ran away from home at the age of fourteen.|
|Run into||meet by accident or unexpectedly (also: bump into)||Sheetal ran into Meera at the shopping centre.|
|Shop around||compare prices||It's always wise to shop around before buying anything.|
|Show off||brag or want to be admired||There's Devesh showing off in his new sports car!|
|Show up||appear/arrive||We expected Deepak to come but he didn't show up.|
|Shut up (impolite)||be silent, stop talking||Oh shut up, you idiot!|
|Sit down||take a seat||Please come in and sit down.|
|Stand up||rise from a sitting position||The pupils stood up when the headmaster arrived.|
|Stick up for||defend||It's important to stick up for one's principles.|
|Take after||resemble, in appearance or character||Jagat really takes after his dad.|
|Take care of||look after||I'll take care of your plants while you're away.|
|Take off||leave the ground||The plane took off at 6 a.m.|
|Take on||hire or engage staff||Business is good so the company is taking on extra staff.|
|Take out||remove; extract||She took out a pen to note the address.|