Advanced Word List – 19

A good vocabulary is crucial to acing Verbal section in GRE, CAT, SAT and other such exams. In this series of articles, we have compiled 1000 words that frequently feature in competitive exams.Spread over 25 lists of 40 words, these lists offer you a chance to learn the most essential English words.
Each word in the list is accompanied with its meaning and followed by a usage example. The words are categorized on three levels: 1, 2 and 3, according to the degree of difficulty. Go through the word lists and strengthen your vocabulary database.
Level 1: Let’s get warmed up
Artless: Simple and natural; without cunning or deceit
He beguiled everyone with his artless air and his charming smile.
Bogus: Fraudulent
She was fooled by his bogus identity card.
Delve: Turn up, loosen, or remove earth
He delved into his rucksack and pulled out a folder.
Denote: Be a sign or indication of
His frown denoted his increasing impatience.
Negligible: So small as to be meaningless; insignificant
Managers are convinced that the strike will have a negligible effect.
Nutritive: Of or providing nourishment
Pomegranate has a lot of nutritive value.
Propriety: Correct or appropriate behaviour
They questioned the propriety of the corporation’s use of public money.
Sanction: Give authority or permission to
The President could not enact laws without the sanction of the parliament.
Stunted: Inferior in size or quality
There were miles and miles of stunted thorn trees on the way.
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Level 2: Let’s take it up a notch
Advent: Arrival that has been awaited
The advent of war led to austerity.
Allude: Make a more or less disguised reference to
He did not allude to the remarks made by the previous speaker.
Blasé: Very sophisticated especially because of surfeit
The blasé travellers referred to the mountains as hills.
Diversity: The condition or result of being changeable
The cultural diversity of India is magnificent.
Frenetic: Excessively agitated
The pace of life in metros is very frenetic.
Gratuity: A relatively small amount of money given for services rendered
The porter expects a gratuity for the hard work he has put in.
Maim: Injure or wound seriously and leave permanent disfiguration or mutilation
The hunter was maimed for life.
Manifest: Provide evidence for; stand as proof of
The buildings in Rome manifest a high level of architectural sophistication.
Quandary: A situation from which extrication is difficult especially an unpleasant or trying one
They were in a quandary where to go because of the landslide.
Roster: A list of names
He put himself on the roster for domestic chores.
Substantiate: Establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
There is no actual evidence to substantiate their claims.
Level 3: Time to be a master
Ameliorate: To make better
Nothing can be done to ameliorate the situation.
Artifice: A deceptive maneuver
His photographs are full of artifice.
Atrophy: Any weakening or degeneration
If you let your mind stagnate, your talent will atrophy.
Begrudge: Be envious of; set one's heart on
They begrudged every penny spent on him, as he was adopted.
Callous: Emotionally hardened
They were callously indifferent to the suffering of others.
Capricious: Changeable
A capricious summer breeze was blowing.
Comely: Very pleasing to the eye
She was a comely girl with a mass of dark brown hair.
Ennui: The feeling of being bored by something tedious
He suffered from ennui whenever he was alone.
Expedient: Serving to promote your interest
It is not expedient to pay him what he has asked.
Expurgate: Edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate
The work was heavily expurgated for the second edition.
Impious: Lacking due respect or dutifulness
He was impious towards his parents.
Insidious: Beguiling but harmful
He insidiously worked his way up in the organisation.
Potpourri: A collection containing a variety of sorts of things
He had a potpourri of short stories and humorous verses.
Proffer: Present for acceptance or rejection
He proffered the children a box of chocolates.
Qualm: Uneasiness about the fitness of an action
He had a sudden qualm that all might not be well.
Raucous: Unpleasantly loud and harsh
The raucous cries of the sea-birds were harsh on the ears.
Replenish: Fill something that had previously been emptied
She replenished his glass of wine.
Requisite: Anything indispensable
She filled in the requisite paperwork.
Shibboleth: A favourite saying of a sect or political group, a commonplace idea or saying.
In English, the Hebrew word ‘shibboleth’ now sometimes refers to clichés or tired slogans.
Spate: A sudden forceful flow
There was a sudden spate in the river water due to the heavy rain.
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