Greek Words in English - 2

  1. Dogma: The established belief or set of principles held by a religion, ideology or by any organization.     
    Example: The church played down the stranger aspects of its dogma, including life on other planets.
  2. Ethos: "Accustomed place." It refers to a disposition or characteristics peculiar to a specific person, culture or movement        
    Example: We note that these days a great deal of advertising uses ethos extensively through celebrity endorsements.
  3. Eureka: Used to celebrate a discovery, and it can be translated to "I have found!"
    Example: Archimedes exclaimed Eureka! when he discovered a method of detecting the amount of alloy mixed with the gold in the crown of the king of Syracuse.
  4. Genesis: Birth or origin. Genesis is also the name of the first book of the Bible.  
    Example: Modern religions offer their own versions of genesis.
  5. Halos (Halo in English): Round shape, the disk of the sun, circular arcade at Delphi           
    Example: The picture of Jesus had a halo around the head.
  6. Harmonia: Agreement, harmony            
    Example: A piece of music does not have to have perfect harmonia to be a powerful piece.
  7. Hoi polloi: The common people
    Example: Marie Antoinette recommended distributing the cake to the hoi polloi.
  8. Hygiene: Soundness, health       
    Example: It is in your best interest to maintain a good personal hygiene.
  9. Hypnos: Sleep  
    Example: Much of this psychiatrist's work used hypnosis to uncover the unconscious mind.
  1. Kudos: Fame or glory, usually resulting from an important act or achievement.  
    Example: They deserve the kudos because they could be deemed responsible for the marked improvement in their work.
  2. Phobia: Many people wrongly think that a phobia is a fear. In reality it is more than that. Phobia is an irrational and exaggerated fear of something.               
    Example: He has a phobia of crowded places, so he avoids going out to the market.
  3. Photon: Plant   
    Example: The garden show had photon species from around the world.
  4. Plethora: When one goes beyond what is needed or appropriate. It represents an excess or undesired abundance.               
    Example: He has a plethora of knowledge when it comes to human psychology.
  5. Psalm: To play, twang   
    Example: He makes people rise at five in the morning to sing psalms.
  6. Pseudo: False, a falsity  
    Example: Pseudo names are used in some call centers to maintain privacy of the employees.
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