1. 220

2. 213

3. 210

4. 208

Example 2: Approximately what is the ratio of expenditure on agriculture to that on dairy?

1. 8:3

2. 9:2

3. 70:1

4. 10:1

1. 15.4

2. 20

3. 10.8

4. 12

1. 150

2. 140

3. 160

4. 130

6 = (Dairy expenditure/Total expenditure ) × 100

6 = (9/Total expenditure ) × 100

Total Exp = 100 × (9/6) = Rs. 150mn. Hence, answer is option 1.

1. Do not require any additional data.

2. Require to know the total amount spent in each year.

3. Require the exact %age break-up of the various items of expenses in 1999.

4. Require the expenditure on dairy in both the years.

2. Require to know the total amount spent in each year.

3. Require the exact %age break-up of the various items of expenses in 1999.

4. Require the expenditure on dairy in both the years.

Unless total expenditure is known, % of that is meaningless.

Hence, to compare expenditure on roads in 1999 and 2000, the total amount spent must be known.

Answer is (2).

The pie charts above give the sales wise distribution (Market shares) of the major oil producing giants in India. The Total sales for these major oil giants (all over India) in 1995 were $ 600 bn (where $ 1bn = Rs. 3,300 crores). The total demand for oil in 1995 was 100,000 crore kgs (all India).

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1. IOC is the largest oil company in India.

2. HPCL is the smallest oil company in India

3. The greatest consumption of oil is by the ‘agriculture’ sector.

4. None of the above.

2. HPCL is the smallest oil company in India

3. The greatest consumption of oil is by the ‘agriculture’ sector.

4. None of the above.

1. Rs. 18.2 / kg

2. Rs. 13.6 / kg

3. Rs. 15.84 / kg

4. None of these

Total sales = 80% of 100000 = 80000 crore kgs.

Price of oil = Rs. (600 × 3300 crore) / 80000 crore kgs

= Rs. 24.75 /kg. So answer is 4th option

1. $ 300 bn

2. $ 310 bn

3. $ 331.2 bn

4. $ 340.1 bn

Total Sales of IOC= $ 600 (0.53×0.23+0.28×0.58+0.48 ×0.33+ 0.16 ×0.66) bn

= 600 (0.1219+0.1624+0.1584+0.1056)

=$328.9 bn = $329 bn(Approx.)

The answer is 3rd option.

1. Rs. 3,397crores

2. Rs. 44946 crores

3. Rs. 5,479 crores

4. $ 4.3 bn

= $ 45.54 bn.

Sales of BPCL in North = $ 600bn × 0.28 × 0.19

= $ 31.92 bn.

Difference = $ 13.62bn = Rs. 13.62 × 3300 crore

= Rs. 44946crore. So answer is 2nd option.

1. $ 268.8 bn

2. $ 372.9 bn

3. $ 280 bn

4. None of these

1. Rs. 910.8

2. Rs. 900

3. Rs. 920

4. Rs. 915

23% of 3960 = Rs. 910.8

1. 4,854

2. 5,330.16

3. 6177.6

4. 4,485.6

Medical and Miscellaneous expenditure of total Salary

= 13% of Rs. 3960 = Rs.514.8

Expenditure per annum = Rs. 514.8 × 12 = Rs. 6177.6.

1. 3049.2 p.m.

2. 2,591p.m

3. 2,355 p.m.

4. 2,350 p.m

Education and Maintenance of children =23% of 3960 = Rs. 910.8

Take Home Pay Packet = Rs. 3960 - 910.8

= Rs. 3049.2

1. Rs. 1,100

2. Rs. 1,259

3. Rs. 1,188

4. Rs. 1,140

Expenditure on statutory deductions towards PPF expenses=475.2

⇒ Total on both = 712.8 + 475.2 = 1188