Grammar Basics: Conjunctions

In this article, you will learn how to join sentences, words and thus, the basics of conjunctions.
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Conjunctions (a part of speech) are words used to link words, phrases, and clauses.
For example: I ate the pizza and the pasta.
In this case, 'and' is a conjunction that joins two parts of the sentence.
There are three types of conjunctions and these are discussed below:
Type 1: Coordinating Conjunctions
You use a co-coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet) to join individual words, phrases, and independent clauses that are grammatically equal.
Example: Lilacs and violets are usually purple
There are seven main coordinating conjunctions :-
For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, Soon
These conjunctions are arranged in this way to provide the mnemonic acronym of FANBOYS so that it is easy to remember them.
Note: One can also use the conjunctions "but" and "for" as prepositions.
Type 2: Subordinating Conjunctions
A subordinating conjunction introduces a dependent clause and indicates the nature of the relationship among the independent clause(s) and the dependent clause(s). The subordinating conjunction always comes before the dependent clause but the dependent clause itself can be placed either ahead of or following the independent clause.
Example: Since they had misbehaved, the boys were given one week suspension from the school.
Other subordinating conjunctions are - Although, As, Before, Once, Though, Until, Whether, etc.
Type 3: Correlative Conjunctions
Correlative Conjunctions are simply pairs of conjunctions used in a sentence to join different words or groups of words in a sentence together. Correlative Conjunctions are generally not used to link sentences themselves, instead they link two or more words of equal importance within the sentence itself.
Examples: Both the shoes and the dress were completely overpriced.
Just as she loves hiking so she enjoys travelling as well.
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Conjunctions: Key Learning
  • Conjunctions help to connect ideas to create a smooth flowing sentence which is clearly understandable.
  • Remember, when conjunctions are overused, you have run-on sentences.
  • Practice regularly for its proper usage.