Grammar Practice: Active and Passive Voice

DIRECTIONS for the questions: A sentence has been given in Active Voice. Out of the five/four alternatives suggested select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive Voice.
  1. Her manners pleased us very much.
    1. We were very much pleased on her manners.
    2. We are very much pleased with her manners.
    3. We pleased her very much with manners.
    4. We were very much pleased with her manners.
  2. The driver was blowing the horn.
    1. The horn was blown by the driver.
    2. The horn was being blown by the driver.
    3. The horn has been blown by the driver.
    4. The horn is being blown by the driver.
  3. The thief was caught by the police.
    1. The police had been trying to catch the thief
    2. Police has caught the thief
    3. The thief has been caught by police
    4. The police caught the thief
  4. The hunter shot the tiger
    1. The tiger was killed by the hunter
    2. Hunter was trying to shoot the tiger
    3. The tiger was shot by the hunter
    4. Hunter shot at the tiger
  5. They drew a circle in the morning
    1. A circle was being drawn by them in the morning
    2. A circle was drawn by them in the morning
    3. In the morning a circle have been drawn by them
    4. A circle has been drawing since morning
  6. They will demolish the entire block
    1. The entire block is being demolished
    2. The block may be demolished entirely
    3. The entire block will have to be demolished by them
    4. The entire block will be demolished by them
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  1. We have warned you
    1. You have been warned by us
    2. We have you warned
    3. Warned you have been
    4. Have you been warned
  2. The shopkeeper lowered the prices
    1. The prices lowered the shopkeeper
    2. The prices were lowered by the shopkeeper
    3. Down went the prices
    4. The shopkeeper got down the prices
  3. They have published all the details of the invention
    1. All the details of the invention have been published by them
    2. The publication of the details of invention was done by them
    3. All the details have been invented by the publishers
    4. All the inventions have been detailed by them
  4. He teaches us grammar
    1. Grammar was taught to us by him
    2. We are taught grammar by him
    3. Grammar will be taught to us by him
    4. We were teached grammar by him
  5. All trust an honest person.
    1. Honest people are trusted.
    2. An honest person is trusted by all.
    3. The honest person is trusted by all.
    4. Honesty is widely accepted.
    5. None of these.
  6. In winter people do not take a bath.
    1. No bath is taken by people in winter.
    2. A bath is not taken by people in winter.
    3. People don’t take bath in winter.
    4. A bath is not taken by the people in winter.
    5. None of these.
  7. Sugar is grown in Cuba
    1. They grow sugar in Cuba
    2. Sugar grows Cuba
    3. Sugar grew in Cuba
    4. None of these.
  8. Did he show you what to do?
    1. Have anybody been shown by you what to do?
    2. Has anybody shown you what to do?
    3. Has you been shown what to do?
    4. Were you shown by anyone what to do?
  9. Aditya saw Dinesh shopping at the mall.
    1. Dinesh is seen shopping at the mall by Aditya
    2. Dinesh was seen shopping at the mall by Aditya
    3. Dinesh was being seen shopping at the mall by Aditya
    4. Dinesh is being seen shopping at the mall by Aditya
  10. Bipin had not been told about the meeting.
    1. Somebody did not tell Bipin about the meeting.
    2. There was nobody who could tell Bipin about the meeting.
    3. Nobody told Bipin about the meeting.
    4. The meeting was not told about to Bipin.
  11. Why did he deprive you of the membership?
    1. Why you were deprived of the membership?
    2. Why were you deprived of his membership by him?
    3. Why was he deprived of his membership
    4. Why were you deprived of the membership by him?
  12. The agreement between the management and the workers was drafted by an advisory board
    1. An advisory board has drilled the agreement between the management and the workers
    2. An advisory board has drilled the agreement between the management and the workers
    3. The agreement between the management and the workers is being drafted by an advisory board.
    4. An advisory board is drafting the agreement between the management and the workers.
  13. Put up the tent
    1. The tent is being put up
    2. Let the tent be put up
    3. The tent has been put up
    4. Let the tent being put up
  14. Was the question answered?
    1. Were they answering the question?
    2. Did the question get answered?
    3. Was the answer to the question given?
    4. Did they answer the question?
1. D For past indefinite tense the Auxiliary verb in active voice: was/were and in place of 'us' , subject pronoun 'we' will be used.
2. B For past continuous tense the structure in the passive voice will be 'Auxiliary verb in passive voice: was being/were being'.
3. D From passive to active:
The thief (Subject) was caught (verb in past participle form)by the police (Object).
Now subject and object will interchange places and verb will be in past but without aux. verb (Was). By will be dropped.
The police caught the thief.
4. C From active to passive:
 The hunter (subject) shot(verb in past tense) the tiger(object)
Now subject and object will interchange. Verb will be in past participle form and by will be added.
 The tiger was shot by the hunter.
5. B Option 1- is past continous.
Option 2- is simple past hence it is in coherence with the question statement. For past indefinite(simple past), in passive voice, was+ third form of the verb+ them +by. Hence, correct.
Option 3- circle is singular so we should use singular form of verb i.e., has.
Option 4- The circle is not drawing. Hence, incorrect.
6. D Option 1-'Present continous' is not the right form here.
Option 2- 'may' expresses possibility, whereas the event is certain as it uses 'will' in the question statement.
Option 3- 'will have to be' is verbose.
Option 4- is simple future tense. In simple future tence , while converting active voice into passive voice , 'will' is changed into 'will be''.  Hence, correct.
7. A Option 1- In present perfect tense the structure is 'have been/ third form/by' is the correct form. Hence, correct.
Options 2,3 and 4 don't follow this format. Hence, incorrect.
8. B The passive structure will be ‘was/were/ third form of the verb/ by…..
9. A For present perfect tense the structure is has/have been/third form of the verb/by….
10. B For simple present the structure will be ‘is/am/are/ third form/ by/ …object.
11. B The active voice is in 'Simple Present Tense', so the passive will be formed by using is/am/are'+Past Participle.
12. D The active voice is in 'Simple Present Tense', so the passive will be formed by using is/am/are'+Past Participle.
13. A Option 1 is the best answer.As we need an agent here.
14. D According to the rule- Simple Past tense will be used with was/were in the Passive voice.
15. B As per the rule - Subject +was(verb)=   Subject +Was seen + verb.
So,the correct form will be Dinesh was seen shopping at the mall by Aditya.Option 2 is correct.
16. C In active voice the past indefinite, is changed into past perfect and this is there in option 3.
17. D Why were you deprived of the membership by him ? This is the only option which highlights the correct change in the subjects.
18. B Auxiliary verb “was” in the passive voice reflects the simple past tense. Rule for active of which will be Sub.+II form of Verb+Object.
19. B It is an imperative sentence showing command. Imperative sentences in passive voice will be let+obj.+be+past participle
20. C Interrogative sentences starting with was, will change to passive by the rule Was/were + subject + V-3.
SDA