Most of the students think that grammar is so vast and its rules are infinite. You will be surprised to know that the truth is that there are just a few rules and grammar is easy to master.
As you enter the most important phase of your CAT preparation, a number of questions must be popping in your head. One of those questions must be: how to study for CAT grammar in the next few days? But before knowing the right approach for grammar preparation, you need to understand the anatomy of CAT grammar questions and the areas probed traditionally. These would give you a fair estimate of what you need to study in the coming months.
As far as the types of questions go, CAT provides a series of them (from the same paragraph) and asks you to identify the correct/incorrect sentences. The tricky part in these questions is not the format but the kind of errors probed in these questions. A lot of these questions feature wholly grammar-based errors. To solve such Sentence Correction Questions correctly, it is crucial for you to be fully aware of basics of Grammar and its rules.
Let's look at an actual CAT question from CAT 2014, which will clarify the application of Grammar in CAT:
Question: Directions: Select the option that is correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency) and can effectively replace the underlined incorrect part of the given sentence. Choose the most appropriate option.
It is the powerful compound capsaicin that makes a chili pepper hot; a single drop that has no taste and odor is capable of detection by humans at one part per million.
A. a single drop that has no taste and odor is capable of detection
B. a single drop is detectable, though without taste and odor,
C. a single, tasteless and odorless drop can be detected
D. single, tasteless and odorless drops are capable of detection
Answer: Option C
Solution: After semicolon, the next sentence needs to be an Independent clause. All options appear to be Independent clauses. When a word is used in several ways (as Noun, Adjective, Verb) preference goes as per VAN rule (Verb>Adjective>Noun).
So, it should be: detected > detectable > detection.
(A) a single drop that has no taste and odor is capable of detection: violates VAN rule
(B) a single drop is detectable, though without taste and odor: violates VAN rule
(C) a single, tasteless and odorless drop can be detected: favors VAN rule
(D) single, tasteless and odorless drops are capable of detection: violates VAN rule
This example shows that to solve grammar-based questions, it is important to know the basics of grammar.
The error types in grammar-based questions include errors related to the parts of speech. The list of these errors includes:
Watch this detailed expert video to brush up the basics of Grammar
The above errors form the core of basic grammar errors. An ideal approach for preparation involves working on each one of the areas mentioned above one at a time.
The second set of errors that make an appearance in CAT (and it is not a friendly appearance) involve the following type of errors:
Out of these, the first one can be managed fairly easily, but the latter can pose a challenge.
The above stated points form the fundamentals of CAT Grammar preparation. We will also be providing targeted articles that will provide you handy tips and tricks to solve grammar questions. Considering the above mentioned guidelines, prepare a plan of how you will go ahead with the Verbal Ability section.
Take the following test to check how well prepared are you in Grammar